The climate of Panjgur, located in the Baluchistan Plateau of Pakistan, is extreme continental with a very scanty rainfall; mostly received in winter.
Following is a brief overview of the temperature and rainfall pattern observed at Panjgur.
The winter months are quite cool with the max temperatures not exceeding 65 F and the minimum temperatures are less than 39 F usually. The air is dry and invigorating. Then the temperature start rising at an alarming rate and by April the mean maximum and mean minimum have reached 91F and 59 F respectively. Since Panjgur is surrounded by dry hills and is far removed from any oceanic influence, the temperatures further climb to 103 F and 75 F respectively in July, the hottest month. It is not uncommon for the midday thermometer at Panjgur to exceed 110 F in July.
The fall is somewhat cooler with mean maximum and mean minimum being 82 F and 60 F respectively. Due to the dryness of air throughout the year, there is a great difference between the daytime high and the nighttime low in every month of the year and exceeds 30 F which is a huge temperature variation in 24 hours. It follows from above that even at the height of summer when the days are unbearably hot, nights are bearable.
The rainfall at this station is very scanty. The summer months are practically dry with no month receiving more than one-fourth of an inch of rainfall. July being an exception. It receives about an inch. But even this amount is of no importance agriculturally.
The major contributor to the rainfall at Panjgur is the winter season rainfall that occurs under the influence of the western disturbance. Each month from January to March receives at least half an inch of rainfall with the maxima occurring in January of about 1 inch of rainfall.
If we take a general overview of the rainfall pattern of this city we observe that apart from the months of January to March and July, Panjgur is practically dry and the month of October does not record any rainfall at all! The total annual rainfall is only 5 inch which includes it into the desert type climate of Pakistan.
Thus it is concluded that Panjgur is a continental dry station with extremes of temperature in summer and winter a very little rainfall occurring in the early part of the year.